Part 2 Explanation of the Four Principles by Shaykh al Islam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab may Allah the Most High have mercy upon him, by Shaykh Dr. Salih al Fawzan


Part 2 Explanation of the Four Principles by Shaykh al Islam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab may Allah the Most High have mercy upon him, by Shaykh Dr. Salih al Fawzan


اعلمْ أرشدك اللهُ لطاعته: أنَّ الحَنِيفِيةَ ملّةَ إبرهيمَ أنْ تَعْبُدَ اللهَ وحدَه مُخلِصًا له الدين, كما قال   تعالى: : وَ مَا خلقْت الجنَّ و الإنسَ إلَّا لِيَعبُدُونِ . سورة الذاريات 56


To know may Allah guide you to His obedience: that Hanafiyah (Pure Monotheism) is the religion of Ibraheem. That you worship Allah Him alone sincere for Him.  Just as Allah the Most High said:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

” That I created the Jinn and Mankind except that you worship me”

(سورة الذاريات, Adh-Dhaariyat, Chapter #51, Verse #56)

 


(اعلم أرشدك الله)  “To know may Allah guide you to His obedience”:

This is a supplication is from the Shaykh (Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab) may Allah have mercy upon him. This is imperative for the teacher that he supplicates for his student.

(و طاعة الله معنا ها: ) The obedience to Allah the meaning of it:  submissiveness to His commands and to stay away from what He prohibits.

( أن الحنيفية ملة إبراهيم) al-Hanafiyah (the natural state to worshiping Allah upon pure Monotheism) is the religion of Ibraheem: Allah the Majestic the Most-High –  ordered our Prophet with following the religion of Ibraheem. Allah the Most High said:

 

 ثُمَّ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ أَنِ اتَّبِعْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۖ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

“Then, We have sent the revelation to you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم saying): “Follow the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) Hanif (Islamic Monotheism – to worship none but Allah) and he was not of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, and disbelievers).”  An-Nahl, Chapter #16, Verse #123.

al-Hanafiyah: is the religion Haneef (the one upon pure Tawheed (Monotheism), and he is Ibraheem peace be upon him, and al Haneef it is the acceptance of Allah,  and rejection concerning other than Allah (that which is worshiped besides Him). This is he Haneef, the acceptance of Allah with his heart, and his actions and his intentions, and his goals, all of these things for Allah. The turning away from related to all that is worship besides Him and Allah ordered us with following the religion of Ibraheem:

 

وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ ۚ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ

“…and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship: it is the religion of your father Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islamic Monotheism).” (سورة الحج, Al-Hajj, Chapter #22, Verse #78)

The religion of Ibraheem:

أنْ تَعْبُدَ اللهَ وحدَه مُخلِصًا له الدين: that you worship Allah Him alone sincere for Him. This is al-Hanafiyah, what is said: ‘that you worship Allah” only, rather he said “Him alone sincere for Him (solely)” meaning that you stay away from as-Shirk (polytheism of all type). Worship, if it mixes with as-Shirk then worship becomes null, and it is not worship except if it is sound from Major & Minor Shirk.

Just as Allah the Most High said:

 

وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ

“And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)”.

(سورة البينة, Al-Bayyina, Chapter #98, Verse #5)

The meaning of Haneef, it is: worship is for Allah Him alone sincere for Him, the Mighty and the Majestic. 

Allah ordered worship for all of His creation, just as Allah the Most High said

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).

(سورة الذاريات, Adh-Dhaariyat, Chapter #51, Verse #56)

and the meaning of this verse ” to single me (Alone) in worship”, the creation was created for this purpose so this is the wisdom behind it: that they worship Allah the Mighty and the Majestic sincere worship for Allah Alone, from them mankind are those who submit and from mankind those who do not submit.

But the wisdom behind their purpose of being, it is for worshiping Allah.  He who worships other than Allah differ from the wisdom behind the creator creating and differ from the command and Allah’s laws.

Ibraheem he is the father of the prophets those which came after him, so all of them are from the noble lineage of his. This, Allah the Majestic and the Most High said:

وَجَعَلْنَا فِي ذُرِّيَّتِهِ النُّبُوَّةَ وَالْكِتَابَ

“and caused the prophethood and the book to remain in his seed”

(سورة العنكبوت, Al-Ankaboot, Chapter #29, Verse #27)

All of them from Bani (tribe of Israel) they are the grandson of Ibraheem peace be upon him except Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم he is from the noble lineage of Ismaeel and all prophets are from the sons of Ibraheem عليه الصلاة و السلام , this honors him.

Allah made him a leader for the people meaning a model (to follow):

إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ كَانَ أُمَّةً

 

Verily, Ibrahim (Abraham) was an Ummah (a leader having all the good righteous qualities), or a nation, obedient to Allah,(سورة النحل, An-Nahl, Chapter #16, Verse #120)

 

Meaning a leader as a model to follow.

Allah ordered all of the creation with worshiping Him Alone, just as He said the Most High:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).

(سورة الذاريات, Adh-Dhaariyat, Chapter #51, Verse #56)

So Ibraheem called the people to the worship of Allah the Mighty and the  Majestic and other than him from the prophets, all the prophets called the people to the worship of Allah, and to abandon the worship of other than Him. Just as Allah the Most High said:

وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ

And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).

(سورة النحل, An-Nahl, Chapter #16, Verse #36)

Regarding Allah’s Laws which it is commandments and the prohibitions, and the Halal (lawful) and the Haram (forbidden), so these differences from the different nations according to those suitable needs of that times. Allah legislated legislation (laws) then He abrogated it with another legislation (law) until came the legislation (laws) of Islam, and it abrogated all laws from before it, and it will remain until the hour is established (Day of Judgement).

The origin of the way of the Prophets it is Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism), and it is not abrogated and never will Tawheed be abrogated, and the way of the Prophets is one, and it is the Deen (way) of Islam means: sincerely for Allah Alone with Tawheed (making Allah one and only in worship).

Regarding the laws (of the prophets of the past) indeed it differs, it is abrogated, but Tawheed and beliefs from Adam to the last of the prophets all of them called to Tawheed (oneness of Allah) and to worship Allah Him (Alone).

So the worship of Allah: obeying Allah in any era with what Allah commanded with it from the laws of Allah. So when a law (legislation) is abrogated that action that mandates it is worship, and the action that is abrogated it is not worship of Allah (not accepted).


Translated by Abul Baraa Muhammad Amreeki


Part 1 Concise and Abridged Explanation of the Four Principles by Shaykh al Islam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab may Allah the Most High have mercy upon him